Image: Shutterstock The evolution of British surnames started with their first names being used as family names. These family names were adopted from conquests, immigrants, occupations, places, and other sources. Although most of these last names have been derived from their patronymic names, some have also originated from topographical or habitational names.
An interesting point to note is that these surnames have a distinct history attached to them, with references spanning Scotland, Wales, What nationality is the most liked? various other regions of the United Kingdom. Read on to know more about such unique British last names, their origin, history, meaning, and many other interesting facts.
Popular English British Last Names Or Surnames 1. The origins of this last name date back to the pre-medieval period. This was the name of several dukes of Brittany and many Breton settlers, who immigrated to England. Anderson is known to be one of the most common surnames in Sweden.
Armstrong This surname originated from the Scottish borders. Atkinson Atkinson is a variation of Atkin, a name derived from the many forms of nicknames given to Adam. Baker Baker is an occupational surname derived from the trade of bakery products or a person who bakes. Ball This unique surname is the shortened version of Baldwin. The first reference of this last name goes back to the pre 7th Century by the Olde English men. Booth Booth is What nationality is the most liked? last name most popular in Northern England and Scandinavia.
The name also has certain references in Irish Gaelic culture. Brown Typically a nickname, Brown has an English, Scottish and Irish origin and refers to someone who has brown skin or hair.
Burton Burton is a habitational surname, which is a combination of two words. Butler This last name was brought to Ireland with Anglo-Norman invasion in the 12th Century. Campbell Popularized by the top model Naomi Campbell, this last name has Scottish Gaelic roots. Carter Carter has an English, Irish, and Scottish origin and is an occupational name.
The English comedian Graham What nationality is the most liked? Chapman is a famous bearer of this last name. Cook This is another occupational surname, which originated from the Anglo-Saxon tribes in Britain. It is used for someone who worked as a cook, seller of cooked food, or a keeper of an eatery.
Cooper Bradley Cooper, the world-renowned actor, is a bearer of this last name. It could have derived either from Corbon in Calvados or Corbon in Orne, France. Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn is a famous bearer of this name. This occupational surname is also native to Belgian and Dutch Limburg. Davies Davies is a variation of Davis or Davie and refers to David.
The association of this last name is said to be from Wales. Dawson is of Anglo-Saxon descent that spread to the Celtic countries of Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. Dixon Dixon is a variation of Dickson, which is a patronymic surname. Edwards It is a variation of Edwardes and Edwardson and originated from Olde English pre 7th Century. Elliott This last name has various references, and the most common usage was seen during medieval times.
Fisher Fisher is an occupational last name and refers to people who derived their livelihood from What nationality is the most liked? or lived by a fishing weir. Actress Carry Fisher was a famous bearer of this last name.
Fletcher Fletcher is the last name of Scottish, English and Irish origin. Ford The habitational surname referred to people who lived near a ford. Harrison Ford is a famous bearer of this surname. Fox This last name belongs to the Old English pre 7th century period. The name is taken from the animal Fox and was first used in England and Ireland.
Actress Emilia Fox is a noteworthy bearer of this last name. Gibson This is a surname of English and Scottish origins. Gray Originated in Scotland, Gray is nicknamed for people having grey hair. Gray is also a habitational name and referred to someone who belonged to Graye, Calvados. The origins of this last name date back to the 7th Century. Griffiths Originated in Wales, this last name is a patronymic name.
Other variations of this name are Griffin, Gruffin or Griffith. Hall Hall is a variation of Heall, Halle or Holl and is derived from a spacious part of the residence.
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The name originated from the Scottish, German, English, Irish, and Scandinavian regions. Hamilton Originated in Scottish and Northern Irish regions, Hamilton is a habitational surname. It refers to the village of Hamilton, Leicestershire, England.
It has English and Scottish origins. Henderson This common Scottish surname is derived from a patronymic form of Hendry or Henry. Hill Hill is the 36th most common last name in England. The most famous bearer of this surname is fictional super detective Sherlock Holmes.
Howard Derived from a Huard or Heward, this last name has Anglo-Scandinavian origin. Hughes Hughes originated in the regions of Wales, Scotland, Ireland, and France. Jackson This common surname has English and. James James is a Latin form of Jacob and has a reference in the New Testament. James is a common last name in South Wales. This last name originated in Cornwall, England and is also popular in Wales. Johnston This habitational last name originated in Scotland.
Jones It is a variant of Johnson but has Welsh origins. King In Old English, this last name referred to tribal leaders. It was also referred to someone who served in a Royal household. King has origins in the regions of England, Scotland, and Ireland. Knight The origins of What nationality is the most liked?
date back to the Anglo-Saxon culture of Britain. Lawrence Lawrence has its origins in English, Italian, and French. Lewis Lewis originated in England and Wales. This last name has several variants such as Lewes, Louis, or Luis. Jim Marshall, known as the Lord of Loud, is a famous bearer of this surname.
Martin A derivative of Mars, this last name has its origins in various countries such as France, Scotland, Germany, and Ireland. It was taken from Martis or Mars, the Roman god of fertility and war. Mason This surnameEnglish, Irish or French regions. Actor James Mason is a famous bearer of this last name. Miller Miller is the last name having Old English and Scottish origin. Actress Sienna Miller is a famous bearer of this surname. It has French, Irish, and English origins.
Moore Moore is a topographical last name that derived from Moor. Television personality Piers Morgan is a noteworthy bearer of this last name. Morrison Morrison is an Anglo Scottish last name which is also very popular in Ireland. Murphy It is a variant of Murchadh, Murphey, or MacMurphy. Murray Murray is a famous last name across Ireland and originated from both Scottish and Irish regions. The original bearer of the surname was a pilgrim who carried palm branches back from the Holy Land.
It is an Old English patronymic last name. Singer Liam Payne is a popular bearer of this surname. It is common in Ireland but is said to be originated in England. Neil Pearson is a famous bearer of this last name. Phillips It belongs to the early Medieval English era. It belongs to English and French origins. Richards Richards was brought to Great Britain by the Normans in the What nationality is the most liked?
1066, and the origins are said to be Germanic. Miranda Richardson is a famous bearer of this surname. It is a British last name having a patronymic origin. This name originated in Scotland and England. Ross Ross is a habitational last name and originated from Scotland and England. Russell One of the most famous last names in British history, Russell was brought into the country by Normans. Scott Originated during the Medieval English era, Scott refers to people who belonged to Scotland. The name originated from English and Scottish regions.
Spencer This last name is used in reference to a butler or steward. During the Norman Conquest of 1066, it is believed that the ancestors of the Spencer family migrated to England. Stevens Steves is a British surname but has a Greek origin.
Dan Stevens is a famous bearer of this surname. Elizabeth Taylor was a famous bearer of this surname. Thomas Thomas is a common last name of Scottish, Welsh, English, Dutch, German, French, and Danish origin.
Emma Thompson is a famous bearer of this last name. Thomson Though similar to Thomas or Thompson, Thomson is a surname that originated from the Welsh and Scottish regions.
Sophie Turner is a popular bearer of this surname. Walker Originating from English and German regions of Europe, this last name has many variants such as Welker, Walcher, Welcker, or Wallker. Walsh This is a common Irish last name that originated from the British and Welsh community of soldiers.
Ward After the Norman conquest of 1066, this last name migrated to England. Watson Watson is a patronymic last name that originated from England and Scotland. Actress Emma Watson is a famous bearer of this surname.
Watts Watts belongs to Norman-French and Germanic pre 7th Century origin. Actress Naomi Watts is a popular bearer of this last name. It belongs to the Olde English pre 7th Century era. Webster Webster has an Anglo-Saxon origin and is a famous last name in Yorkshire, Lancashire, and the Midlands. The occupational last name is given to a weaver. This surname originated from English and German regions. White This surname is of Irish origin and belongs to the Isle of Wight, near Hampshire, England.
Thus, it is a topographical last name. Wilkinson This Anglo-Scottish last name originated in England during the Viking Invasions. The name Wilkin is derived from the words will or desire. A notable person having this last name is Owen Wilson. Wood A famous surname What nationality is the most liked? English folks, the origin of Wood dates back to pre 7th Century Old English period. Young Young is an interesting surname which belongs to What nationality is the most liked?
pre 7th Century era. Surnames What nationality is the most liked? you distinguish yourself and your clan from the rest. It will help one be identified as per the family lineage they belong to.
This long list of English or British surnames will acquaint you with the most popular ones. Shikha is a writer-turned-associate editor at MomJunction. Her core interest lies in writing articles that guide couples through their courtship to marriage and parenthood. She also specializes in baby names.
Being a postgraduate in Human Resources, she likes understanding people and their relationships. This reflects in her relationship articles, where she deals with both the rosy and the grey side.